Inflammatory Bowel Disease

INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE: Accutane has been associated with inflammatory bowel disease (including regional ileitis) in patients without a prior history of intestinal disorders. In some instances, symptoms have been reported to persist after Accutane treatment has been stopped. Patients experiencing abdominal pain, rectal bleeding or severe diarrhea should discontinue Accutane immediately….

No study has conclusively proven a link between Accutane use and inflammatory bowel disease. However, it has been recognized that some Accutane patients have a tendency to develop inflammatory bowel disease. Accutane patients should be aware of any symptoms indicating inflammatory bowel disease so that immediate treatment can be implemented before further damage occurs.

Inflammatory bowel disease is a group of disorders that cause inflammation or ulceration of the digestive tract. Depending on the type of IBD, any part of the digestive tract from the mouth to the anus may be affected. The small and large intestines, the rectum, and the anus are affected most often.

Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease are the most common types of inflammatory bowel disease. Ulcerative colitis is more common than Crohn’s disease. Doctors may use other names, such as proctitis (inflammation of the rectal lining), to describe inflammatory bowel disease in a specific part of the intestine.

Common symptoms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Rectal Bleeding
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever
  • Eye, liver, blood or bone problems

Inflammatory bowel disease is a long-term (chronic) condition that may flare up many times in your life. An individual may have long periods without symptoms, only mild symptoms or symptoms that are persistent and severe.

The actual cause of inflammatory bowel disease is still. However, this condition can greatly affect an individual’s life and may result in a lifetime of discomfort. The type of inflammatory bowel disease an individual develops will determine if the condition is treatable or curable. In many patients inflammatory bowel disease will, despite treatment, continue to spread to previously unaffected areas, making the patient extremely uncomfortable.

Prozac Birth Defects

Prozac (fluoxetine) is a popular serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) drug first approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 1987. Prozac is prescribed to treat depression, anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder.

A substantial percentage of women will experience some degree of depression while pregnant. Prozac, and other SSRIs are frequently prescribed to treat this prenatal depression. Unfortunately, Prozac and other antidepressants have been linked to severe birth defects in infants whose mothers took the drugs during pregnancy.

Prozac and the other selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants are coming under ever increasing scrutiny for increasing the risks of causing birth defects when taken during pregnancy. Research indicated that when taken prenatally, Prozac (fluoxetine) is linked to congenital heart defects and other dangerous birth defects in newborns.

Prozac birth defects can lead to lifelong complications and medical expenses. If you or someone you love has taken Prozac while pregnant and had a child born with a birth defect, you may be eligible for financial compensation. An experienced Prozac attorney can help you to learn about your rights.

Prozac linked to increased risk of birth defects

Over the last decade, the public is becoming increasingly aware of the links between taking an SSRI like Prozac during pregnancy and birth defects including:

  • Spina Bifida
  • Neural Tube Defects
  • Heart Defects
  • Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension in Newborn (PPHN)
  • Infant Omphalocele
  • Craniosynostosis or Macroephaly
  • Cleft Lip
  • Cleft Palate
  • Club Foot
  • Miscarriage

A 2006 study published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) revealed that women who take Prozac or another SSRI are 6 times more likely to have a baby born with Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension in Newborn (PPHN). The 2006 study in the NEJM prompted the Food and Drug Administration to issue stronger warnings regarding Prozac and birth defects. Another recent report published in Pediatrics demonstrated a connection between prenatal Prozac and SSRI use and heart and neurological defects.

Prozac is considered a Pregnancy Class C medication indicating there is a chance Prozac may have adverse effects on a fetus in utero. Animal studies indicate that there is a high potential for Prozac birth defects if taken during pregnancy. Despite the clear links to Prozac and birth defects, the drug companies have not conducted detailed human trials regarding Prozac and birth defects.

Finding a Prozac Attorney and filing a lawsuit

When a child is born with a potentially life threatening or life altering Prozac birth defect, it can take a heavy emotional and financial toll on your family. If your child has a Prozac related birth defect and Prozac was taken during pregnancy, you may have legal recourse for compensation for your medical expenses, pain, and suffering.

Our Prozac lawyers are conducting Free Prozac Claim Reviews nationwide. For your Free Prozac case evaluation by a Prozac attorney, contact us today.


Employment Discrimination laws seek to prevent discrimination based on race, sex, religion, national origin, physical disability, and age by employers. There is also a growing body of law preventing or occasionally justifying employment discrimination based on sexual orientation. Discriminatory practices include bias in hiring, promotion, job assignment, termination, compensation, and various types of harassment. The main body of employment discrimination laws is composed of federal and state statutes. The United States Constitution and some state constitutions provide additional protection where the employer is a governmental body or the government has taken significant steps to foster the discriminatory practice of the employer.

The Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments of the United States Constitution limit the power of the federal and state governments to discriminate. The Fifth amendment has an explicit requirement that the federal government not deprive individuals of “life, liberty, or property,” without due process of the law. It also contains an implicit guarantee that each person receive equal protection of the laws. The Fourteenth Amendment explicitly prohibits states from violating an individual’s rights of due process and equal protection. In the employment context the right of equal protection limits the power of the state and federal governments to discriminate in their employment practices by treating employees, former employees, or job applicants unequally because of membership in a group (such as a race or sex). Due process protection requires that employees have a fair procedural process before they are terminated if the termination is related to a “liberty” (such as the right to free speech) or property interest. State constitutions may also afford protection from employment discrimination.

Discrimination in the private sector is not directly constrained by the Constitution, but has become subject to a growing body of federal and state statutes.

The Equal Pay Act amended the Fair Labor Standards Act in 1963. The Equal Pay Act prohibits paying wages based on sex by employers and unions. It does not prohibit other discriminatory practices bias in hiring. It provides that where workers perform equal work in jobs requiring “equal skill, effort, and responsibility and performed under similar working conditions,” they should be provided equal pay. The Fair Labor Standards Act applies to employees engaged in some aspect of interstate commerce or all of an employer’s workers if the enterprise is engaged as a whole in a significant amount of interstate commerce.

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination in many more aspects of the employment relationship. It applies to most employers engaged in interstate commerce with more than 15 employees, labor organizations, and employment agencies. The Act prohibits discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin. Sex includes pregnancy, childbirth or related medical conditions. It makes it illegal for employers to discriminate in hiring, discharging, compensation, or terms, conditions, and privileges of employment. Employment agencies may not discriminate when hiring or referring applicants. Labor Organizations are also prohibited from basing membership or union classifications on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.

The Nineteenth Century Civil Rights Acts, amended in 1993, ensure all persons equal rights under the law and outline the damages available to complainants in actions brought under the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII, the American with Disabilities Act of 1990, and the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.

The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) prohibits employers from discriminating on the basis of age. An employee is protected from discrimination based on age if he or she is over 40. The ADEA contains explicit guidelines for benefit, pension and retirement plans.

The Rehabilitation Act’s purpose is to “promote and expand employment opportunities in the public and private sectors for handicapped individuals,” through the elimination of discrimination and affirmative action programs. Employers covered by the act include agencies of the federal government and employers receiving federal contracts over $2500 or federal financial assistance. The Department of Labor enforces section 793 of the act which refers to employment under federal contracts. The Department of Justice enforces section 794 of the act which refers to organizations receiving federal assistance. The EEOC enforces the act against federal employees and individual federal agencies promulgate regulation pertaining to the employment of the disabled.

The American with Disabilities Act (ADA) was enacted to eliminate discrimination against those with handicaps. It prohibits discrimination based on a physical or mental handicap by employers engaged in interstate commerce and state governments.

The Black Lung Act prohibits discrimination by mine operators against miners who suffer from “black lung” (pneumoconiosis).

State statutes also provide extensive protection from employment discrimination. Some laws extend similar protection as provided by the federal acts to employers who are not covered by those statutes. Other statutes provide protection to groups not covered by the federal acts. A number of state statutes provide protection for individuals who are performing civil or family duties outside of their normal employment.

Pericardial Mesothelioma

Pericardial mesothelioma is the rarest form of thisasbestos-related cancer. This form of cancer affects the lining that surrounds the heart, and is associated with long term exposure to asbestos fibres.

The symptoms of pericardial mesothelioma, can take decades to manifest. If a person worked with asbestos twenty or thirty years ago and shows no symptoms, that does not mean that they have the all clear. The symptoms typically take around twenty or thirty years to manifest anyway, sometimes even longer.

This means that the cancer is usually too advanced to treat effectively by the time it is diagnosed. It is always advisable that people who have worked with asbestos on a frequent basis in the past inform their doctors. Although nothing can be done to speed up the onset of symptoms in order to catch the disease in time to treat, any further delay in diagnosis can be alleviated by making your doctor aware of all the facts so that a speedy diagnosis can be made if the symptoms to manifest.

There are several main symptoms to look out for with pericardial mesothelioma. These include: persistent coughing; shortness of breath; chest pain; palpitations. Anyone that has worked with asbestos and experiences any or all of these symptoms should seek medical advice immediately.

The two most common forms of treatment for pericardial mesothelioma are radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Radiation therapy is the most commonly used of the two procedures for this type of mesothelioma, and the one that has proven most successful with pericardial mesothelioma patients to date. However, both types of treatment must be carefully monitored due to the risk they pose to healthy cells as well as affected ones.

To simply relieve symptoms of the disease is a ‘fine needle aspiration.’ This is where a needle is inserted into the chest cavity in order to drain off excess fluid build up caused by the cancer.

Accutane Psychiatric Disorders

WARNINGS: Psychiatric disorders: Accutane may cause depression, psychosis and, rarely, suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, suicide, and aggressive and/or violent behaviors. Discontinuation of Accutane therapy may be insufficient; further evaluation may be necessary.

ADVERSE SIDE EFFECTS: Psychiatric: Suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, suicide, depression, psychosis, aggression, violent behaviors, emotional instability.

Since 1982 the FDA has reported 173 cases of suicide amongst users of Accutane. Though this number may be surprisingly high, in actuality it is most likely a low estimate. The FDA estimates that only 1% of the adverse suicides are reported. Thus putting the number of Accutane related suicides as high as possibly 20,000.

As early as February 1985 Suicide and depression came to the attention of the FDA as possible side effects of the drug. There was a case of suicide reported where the patient had no history of depression. Physicians have been told that simply terminating Accutane treatment might not adequately treat psychiatric disorders and that patients may require additional psychiatric therapy.

It has been reported that some patients, during treatment with Accutane or soon after completing treatment, have experienced depression or other serious mental problems. Symptoms of these problems include:

  • Irritability
  • Anger
  • Loss of pleasure of interest in life
  • Sleeping too much or too little
  • Changes in weight or appetite
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Suicide
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Suicidal attempts
  • Depression
  • Aggression
  • Paranoia
  • Violent behaviors
  • Psychosis
  • Personality changes
  • Mood swings
  • Withdrawal
  • Abnormal behaviors

Notify your physician if you or someone in your family has ever had any mental illness, including depression, suicidal behavior or psychosis. Also, notify your physician if you take medications for any of these problems.

Notify your physician immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Feelings of sadness or crying spells
  • Loss of interest in activities
  • Sleeping too much or insomnia
  • Irritability
  • Change in appetite or body weight
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Withdrawing from friends and family
  • Loss of energy
  • Feelings of worthlessness or unfounded guilt
  • Suicidal thoughts

Bankruptcy Law

Bankruptcy law provides for the development of a plan that allows a debtor, who is unable to pay his creditors, to resolve his debts through the division of his assets among his creditors. This supervised division also allows the interests of all creditors to be treated with some measure of equality. Certain bankruptcy proceedings allow a debtor to stay in business and use revenue generated to resolve his or her debts. An additional purpose of bankruptcy law is to allow certain debtors to free themselves (to be discharged) of the financial obligations they have accumulated, after their assets are distributed, even if their debts have not been paid in full.

Bankruptcy law is federal statutory law contained in Title 11 of the United States Code. Congress passed the Bankruptcy Code under its Constitutional grant of authority to “establish. . . uniform laws on the subject of Bankruptcy throughout the United States.” See U.S. Constitution Article I, Section 8. States may not regulate bankruptcy though they may pass laws that govern other aspects of the debtor-creditor relationship. See Debtor-Creditor. A number of sections of Title 11 incorporate the debtor-creditor law of the individual states.

Bankruptcy proceedings are supervised by and litigated in the United States Bankruptcy Courts. These courts are a part of the District Courts of The United States. The United States Trustees were established by Congress to handle many of the supervisory and administrative duties of bankruptcy proceedings. Proceedings in bankruptcy courts are governed by the Bankruptcy Rules which were promulgated by the Supreme Court under the authority of Congress.

There are two basic types of Bankruptcy proceedings. A filing under Chapter 7 is called liquidation. It is the most common type of bankruptcy proceeding. Liquidation involves the appointment of a trustee who collects the non-exempt property of the debtor, sells it and distributes the proceeds to the creditors. Bankruptcy proceedings under Chapters 11, 12, and 13 involves the rehabilitation of the debtor to allow him or her to use future earnings to pay off creditors. Under Chapter 7, 12, 13, and some 11 proceedings, a trustee is appointed to supervise the assets of the debtor. A bankruptcy proceeding can either be entered into voluntarily by a debtor or initiated by creditors. After a bankruptcy proceeding is filed, creditors, for the most part, may not seek to collect their debts outside of the proceeding. The debtor is not allowed to transfer property that has been declared part of the estate subject to proceedings. Furthermore, certain pre-proceeding transfers of property, secured interests, and liens may be delayed or invalidated. Various provisions of the Bankruptcy Code also establish the priority of creditors’ interests.